Zaccho Dance Theatre Collaborators
Joanna Haigood
Choreographer/ Artistic Director
Since 1979 Joanna has been creating work that uses natural, architectural, and cultural environments as points of departure for movement exploration and narrative. Her stages have included grain terminals, a clock tower, the pope’s palace, military forts, and a mile of urban neighborhood streets in the South Bronx. Her work has been commissioned by many arts institutions, including Dancing in the Streets, Jacob's Pillow Dance Festival, Walker Arts Center, SF Exploratorium Museum, National Black Arts Festival, and Festival d'Avignon. She has also been honored with the Guggenheim Fellowship, Cal/Alpert Award in Dance, US Artist Fellowship, New York Bessie Award, and the esteemed Doris Duke Performing Artist Award. Joanna has had the privilege to mentor many extraordinary young artists internationally at the National École des Arts du Cirque in France, the Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance in England, Spelman College, the Institute for Diversity in the Arts at Stanford University, San Francisco Circus Center, and at Zaccho Studio. Most recently, Joanna was awarded the Artistic Legacy Award by the San Francisco Arts Commission in 2020 and the Individual Artist Fellowship by the California Arts Council in 2021.
Anthony Brown
Anthony Brown has played a seminal role in contemporary California creative music from his pioneering work with the Asian American jazz movement in the early 1980s to his current leadership of the GRAMMY nominated Asian American Orchestra. Under his direction, the Orchestra has recorded six critically acclaimed CDs, including homages to American composers Duke Ellington, Thelonious Monk, George Gershwin and John Coltrane. His composition Rhymes (For Children) served as the theme music for KQED's Pacific Time, a Public Radio International syndicated weekly newsmagazine.
Dr. Brown holds an M.A. and Ph.D. in music (Ethnomusicology) from the University of California, Berkeley, as well as a Master of Music from Rutgers University, and is the recipient of numerous grants and commissions from organizations such as Lila Wallace-Reader's Digest Fund, National Endowment for the Arts, Arts International, and Asian Heritage Council. A Smithsonian Associate Scholar, Guggenheim and Ford Fellow, Dr. Brown has served as Curator of American Musical Culture at the Smithsonian Institution and as a Visiting Professor of Music at the University of California, Berkeley.
Jeff Raz
Associate Director for The View from Here 2017
Jeff Raz has directed dozens of circus, puppet, and theater productions (The Bright River with Traveling Jewish Theater, Snake in the Basement with Lunitique Fantastique, Singing for Freedom with The Rose Ensemble) and performed nationally and internationally for decades, starring in circuses (Cirque du Soleil, Pickle Family Circus, and more) and plays, including Comedy of Errors on Broadway. He is a graduate of Dell’Arte International, has written 17 plays and recently launched his first book, “The Secret Life of Clowns” at the Smithsonian Folklife Festival. Jeff cofounded Vaudeville Nouveau in 1982, the S.F. New Vaudeville Festival in 1985, the Clown Conservatory in 2000 and the Medical Clown Project in 2010. He continues to direct, write, perform, and teach as well as work globally as a communications consultant.
Wayne Campbell
Scenic Designer
Wayne Campbell has provided scenic design, props and aerial rigging for Zaccho Dance Theatre since 1998, participating in such projects as Invisible Wings, (1998) at Jacobs’ Pillow; Departure and Arrival (2007) at San Francisco International Airport; Dances around the House (2005), at the San Francisco Exploratorium; Ghost Architecture (2004) at San Francisco’s Yerba Buena Center for the Arts, and Al Pozzo Di Sogno (2011) at Oliver Ranch among many others. He spends most of his time in his studio in West Marin making furniture and art.
Allen Willner
Lighting Designer
Allen Willner (Lighting Designer) is an award winning lighting designer for theater, dance and music. Awards and nominations include: 3 Isadora Duncan Dance Awards for the lighting design of inkBoat’s “Line Between”, “Heaven’s Radio” and Deborah Slater's " Private Life". Nominations for Isadora Duncan Dance Awards for the Visual Designs of Erika Chong Shuch’s “51802” and inkBoat’s “Cockroach”. 2013 TBA Award Lighting Design Nomination for Theater of Yugen's "This Lingering Life". Bay Area Critics Circle Lighting Design Nomination for The Shotgun Players "Eurydice" and “God’s Ear", 2012 Broadway World Lighting and Set Design Nomination for Symmetry Theater’s “Patience Worth”. Lighting Artists in Dance Awards for inkBoat’s “Line Between” , Erika Chong Shuch’s “Sitting in a Circle”, Laura Arrington and Jesse Hewitt’s “Adult." And Scott Wells, Amy Seiwert and Shinichi Iova-Koga's "Take this Dance and Shove it!".
Sean Riley
Master Rigger
Sean Riley is a designer who combines suspension, kinetic movement, and narrative sculpture with performance. Through scenic design, rigging design, and mechanical design, often in concert with each other, he creates unique environments and apparatus for time based art around the world. Known for bold and often surprising transformation of space and for large scale movement, Riley’s long career has spanned a wide spectrum of genres including Theater, Dance, Opera, Television and Gallery Installations. Awards and nominations include: Several Izzies, TBA awards, Bay Area Critics Circle, and an Isadora Duncan Sustained Achievement Award in scenic design. Riley studied Theater at UCSC and lives in British Columbia. Further information at
David Freitag
Head Rigger
David Freitag is an aerial rigging designer who is somehow lucky enough to still be based in San Francisco. Dave has spent the past 20 years (and hopefully the next 20 more) striving to perfect his craft as a rigger, and making his peace with Sir Isaac Newton. Along the way, he has held the honor of being one of the lead riggers on a wide range of site specific dance productions performing on walls and theaters both internationally and across the Bay Area, including Sens Productions, Zaccho, Capacitor, Flyaway, and Printz Dance Project. Dave spent 8 years touring internationally as lead rigger for Cirque Mechanics USA, and currently bides his time between aerial gigs as the house rigger at the Masonic Auditorium on Nob Hill. A master's graduate of UC Santa Barbara and SFSU, Dave holds rigging certifications in SPRAT, ETCP, and is a journeyman member of IATSE Local 16. When not holding the other end of the circus ropes, on dark days he can be found pursuing his habits of of off-beat adventure, exploring new places to climb, sea kayak, camp, fish, build treehouses, or soak in a remote hot spring. Currently, Dave is looking up, and always stands under his work.
Kim Euell
Kim Euell is a dramaturg , writer and educator who is passionately committed to developing and promoting socially relevant new work. She has collaborated with Joanna Haigood and Zaccho on Invisible Wings, Sailing Away and The Monkey and The Devil. She also worked with Joanna Haigood and the company on Remembering 1619, a devised performance piece commissioned by the Equal Justice Society. During her four year term as Playwright in Residence at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, Kim had the pleasure of sponsoring a Five College Residency with Zaccho which culminated with a performance of Dying While Black and Brown. Kim has served as a resident dramaturg at The Mark Taper Forum, San Jose Repertory Theater, Penumbra Theatre Company and the Tony Award-winning Hartford Stage Company. She has worked as a new play dramaturg at The Humana Festival, Berkeley Rep’s Ground Floor Residency, the Sundance Theatre Lab and the Bay Area Playwrights Festival. Kim’s plays interrogating issues of race, class and cultural assimilation have been performed at theaters in every region of the country as well as at Cape Town’s Magnet Theater in South Africa. Kim’s play Princeton Junction was part of the University of Iowa’s season opener last Fall, 6 by 6: Perspectives on Social Justice. She edited Plays from the Boom Box Galaxy – Theater from the Hip-Hop Generation for TCG Publications. Kim currently teaches in the Theatre Department and the Digital Cinema Program at Southern Oregon University.
Antoine Hunter
Performing Artist
A Bay Area native, Antoine Hunter is an award-winning African-American Deaf and Hard of Hearing choreographer, dancer, dance instructor, actor, poet and Deaf advocate. The founder and artistic director of Urban Jazz Dance, Hunter has performed with Savage Jazz Dance Company, Nuba Dance Theater, Alayo Dance Company, Robert Moses’ KIN, Man Dance, Sins Invalid, Amara Tabor-Smith, Kim Epifano, Push Dance Company, Flyaway Productions, Joanna Haigood and the Lorraine Hansberry Theater. He has performed throughout the Bay Area and the world including Cuba, Rome and Paris. Hunter is a faculty member at East Bay Center for the Performing Arts, Shawl-Anderson, Youth in Arts and Dance-A-Vision. He is the founder of Iron Tri-Angel Urban Ballet in Richmond, was an instructor and rehearsal director for the Ross Dance Company, and dance captain for commercials.

Awards include the 2011 National Dance Week Dancer's Choice Award, Margaret Jenkin's CHIME award, the 2009 VRS Award (the international organization on arts and disabilities), and the 2000 Bay Area Star Award. He has been featured in Dance Spirit Magazine and Dance Magazine, and is the former president of the Bay Area Black Deaf Advocate and Director-at-Large for the Northern California chapter of the California Association of the Deaf. He has been featured in Oakland North and is a representative for Purple Technologies, which sells Deaf services and products. Mr. Hunter is an active supporter of DeafHope, an organization whose mission is to end domestic and sexual violence in Deaf communities through empowerment, education, and services. He teaches dance and ASL in both Hearing and Deaf communities and is the founder and artistic director of Urban Jazz Dance Company and has been producing the Bay Area Deaf Dance Festival since 2013. His projects have been awarded funding by both CA$H Theater Bay Area and the Zellerbach Family Foundation.
Amara Tabor Smith
Performing Artist
Amara Tabor Smith is a San Francisco native and Oakland resident whose dance theater work can best be described as Afro futurist conjure art. She is the Artistic Director of Deep Waters Dance Theater and co artistic director of Headmistress, an ongoing performing collaboration with movement artist Sherwood Chen. Tabor-Smith has performed in the works of Ed Mock, Joanna Haigood, Pearl Ubungen, Ronald K. Brown, Faustin Linyekula, Adia Tamar Whitaker, Marc Bamuthi Joseph and is the former Associate Artistic Director and dancer with Urban Bush Women. She has also performed in the works of theater artists such as, Anna Deveare Smith, Aya de Leon, Herbert Siquenza, and The San Francisco Mime Troupe.
Amara choreographed and appeared in Shakti Butler’s documentary film, “Making Whiteness Visible”. She has performed with her companies, DWDT and Headmistress in Salvador, Bahia, The Republic of the Congo, Judson Church/Movement Research and many venues throughout the San Francisco/Bay Area and United States.
Tabor-Smith has taught her version of contemporary dance which she calls Roots Modern Experience technique, and Capoeira at Naropa University in Boulder, CO; University of Omaha, NE; SUNY Pottsdam; Columbia College in Chicago; The Institute of American Indian Arts in Santa Fe, NM; San Francisco State University; Mills College in Oakland, Ca. Amara is currently on faculty in the Department of Theater, Dance, and Performance Studies at UC Berkeley.
Jose Abad
Performing Artist
jose e abad jose e abad is a queer social practice performance artist exploring queer futurity through an intersectional lens. Their artistic practice is rooted in collaboration and community engaged arts as a form of resistance and liberation and uses dance, storytelling, and ritual, to unearth lost histories, memories, and wisdom that are held within the body that the mind has forgotten or dominant culture has erased. abad is a collaborator in two queer performance collectives, Yum Yum Club and Lxs Des, and has performed solo and collaborative works nationally and internationally with artists including Joanna Haigood, Keith Hennessy, Scott Wells, Anne Bluethenthal & Dancers, NAKA Dance Theatre, Ivo Dimchev, Alleluia Panis, Seth Eisen, Brontez Purnell Dance Company, and Detour Dance. In 2018, jose was accepted into the DanceWEB scholarship program at Impulstanz in Vienna, Austria and was the inaugural artist in resident at Les Amis de la Maison Baldwin in Saint-Paul-De-Vence, France.
Delvis Friñon
Performing Artist
Delvis Friñon was born in Santiago de Cuba, Cuba. He is graduates of the José María Heredia, Academy of Art with a degree in Modern,Contemporary and Folkloric cuban dance.He was evaluated by the national court and gained the place of solist dance.In Cuba he danced professionally with “Danza Teatro del Caribe.” His career extended abroad, dancing in Spain at the Expo Zaragoza, the biggest water festival in the world. He was invited also to perform several times with NDTC-National Dance Theater Company of Jamaica. Delvis came to San Francisco in 2013 to collaborate with the Ramón Ramos Alayo’s Cuba Caribe and to dance with Krissy Keefer-Dance Brigade, Zaccho Dance Theatre, Kim Epifano production, Nicole Klaymoon, Robert Moses’s Kin and Soulskin Dance Company. Delvis is a passionate artist who gives back to the community where he teaches both private and group modern and salsa dance classes.
Lydia Clinton
Performing Artist
Lydia Clinton, a Bay Area native, went to Point Park University receiving a BA in Dance (Modern) under the direction of Susan Stowe and Rubén Graciani. During college, she attended the American Dance Festival on scholarship and San Francisco Conservatory of Dance’s summer program performing pieces by Ohad Naharin, Robert Moses, and Alex Ketley. Since returning home, she has worked with Stephan Koplowitz with AXIS Dance Company, SAFEhouse Arts, Garrett+Moulton Productions, Cali & Co, Sarah Berges with West Edge Opera, Capacitor, and PUSH Dance Company. She also attended Northwest Dance Project’s LAUNCH program performing works by Menghan Lou and Kristen Céré.
Jarrel Phillips
Performing Artist
Jarrel Phillips is a Capoeira performer and instructor from San Francisco. Recently, he’s been featured in When We Move, a short film by San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (SFMOMA) and Picture Bayview Hunters Point, a production by choreographer Joanna Haigood. Phillips believes that through movement we embody, explore and share our stories; enriched with information, feelings and experiences.
Frankie Lee III
Performing Artist
FRANKIE LEE III is an Izzie Award nominee, freelance artist, who received his BFA from UNCSA. He has performed with Zion Dance Project, dawsondancesf, dendy/donavan projects, RAWdance & Oakland Ballet, among others and has choreographed for the Bay Area Ballet Conservatory, Gritty City Repertory Youth Ensemble, and Zion Dance Project. He was recently an Adjunct Professor at Mills College and teaches for LINES Dance Center, Bay Area Ballet Conservatory, the Boys & Girls Club and Dance Mission. His brand is, “fLEE dance”; which stands for the acronym: fleeked, loving, enlightened & educating.
Erik K. Raymond Lee
Performing Artist
Born and raised in Oakland, California, Erik K. Raymond Lee began his dance journey UC Berkeley where he trained and earned a BA in Dance & Performance Studies and Art Practice with a concentration in painting [2010]. Erik since has Joined Dimensions Dance Theater under the direction of Deborah Vaughn, as a company member and choreographer; debuted choreographic work as a participant in the Artist in Mentorship Program (AMP) with Black Choreographer’s Festival (BCF) directors Laura Elaine Ellis and Kendra Kimbrough Barnes (2015) earned his MFA in Dance from Mills College. Erik also volunteers in dance ministry with the Worship in Arts Ministry (WAM) at Covenant Church for now 10 years functioning as Artistic Director/choreographer since 2014. His work whether within the realm of dance theater or faith-based events aims to inspire, give hope and uplift the community.
Veronica Blair
Performing Artist
Veronica Blair has emerged as one of the top Black aerialists in the country, and has taken her high-flying talents all around the world. A Bay Area native, she began her career at the age of 14 at the former San Francisco School of Circus Arts, now known as the Circus Center San Francisco. Shortly after making her debut at 17, she was noticed by Cedric Walker, founder of the Universoul Circus. Walker named Blair as a solo trapeze artist, and she was Universoul’s Resident Aerialist for over five years.

Blair has performed in “Afrika! Afrika!,” Germany’s largest circus event, and also worked for Universal Studios Japan. She still works with Circus Center and has put on shows featuring other Black aerialists and circus performers for themed events, such as a tribute to recording artist Prince in 2014.

Black circus performers are rarely recognized, and Blair has taken on the task of filming a documentary that puts a new light on those who work in the industry. Blair’s The Uncle Junior Project came about after the death of little-known Black circus animal trainer of the same name. In an attempt to uphold Junior’s legacy and that of the Black circus, Blair has the ambitious aim of bringing those unknown entertainers to the forefront.
Azraa Muhammad
Performing Artist
Azraa Muhammad is an emerging aerial artist, dancer and performer. She received her training from artistic director of Zaccho Dance Theatre, Joanna Haigood, and began flying with the Zaccho Youth Company at the age of 7. After 10 years of training she began apprenticing as a member of Zaccho Dance Theatre. A native of San Francisco, Azraa believes in drawing inspiration from current social and political issues, such as racial profiling, poverty, identity, and ancestry as a way of expression in her choreography. As a member of the Zaccho Youth Company, she has collaborated with and performed for Flyaway Productions, Baycat, Dance Vision Series Festival, California Youth Circus Center Festival, Circus for Arts in the Schools and much more. Her most recent projects include performing for the American Conservatory Theater (A.C.T.) 2016 New Strands Festival and being featured in a promotional video for the Golden State Warriors honoring Black History Month. Apart from creating and performing, Azraa also enjoys teaching at Zaccho for the Youth Program of Center for Dance and Aerial Arts with a class of Aerial Dance technique for beginners.
Clarissa Dyas
Performing Artist
Clarissa Dyas is from Berkeley, CA and graduated from San Francisco State University in 2017 with a B.A. in Dance and a B.S. in Health Education. Clarissa is a company member of Flyaway Productions and ka·nei·see | collective along with being a collaborating member of bananarama. Additionally, she was a company member of Robert Moses’ Kin from 2017-2018 and has performed in works by Talli Jackson, Raissa Simpson, Sarah Bush and many others.
Ciarra D’Onofrio
Performing Artist
Ciarra D’Onofrio is a dancer, aerialist, and educator with a passion for using dance as a means for storytelling, social analysis, and community building. She specializes in dance trapeze and trains in aerial silks, contemporary dance, and vertical dance. She has performed in redwood forests, cathedrals, and on trampoline walls, and most recently has danced here in the Bay Area with Zaccho Dance Theater and Helen Wicks Works. She studied dance and choreography at Lewis & Clark College where she received the 2015 Distinction in Dance Choreography Award. She then expanded her training in circus arts as a member of the Circus Project’s Training and Performance Company. She has taught aerial arts to youth and adults for ten years, and loves sharing her joy for movement and creative expression with students and audiences alike.
Grandmaster Caz
Performing Artist
Born Curtis R. Brown April 18, 1960 in the Bronx, NYC got his start in Hip-Hop in 1974. Originally known as DJ Casanova Fly he teamed up with his high school friend Louie Lou aka DJ Disco Wiz and began his storied journey through the annals of Hip-Hop history. Caz and Wiz were in a Bronx park having dj battle in the summer of 1977 during the NYC Blackout! In 1978 Caz would pen the lyrics that would eventually be used in Rap music's first hit song "Rappers Delight" by the Sugarhill Gang, inadvertantly making Caz "Hip-Hop's first ghostwriter! In 1980 Caz became Captain of the Legendary Coldcrush Brothers and they proceeded to become one of the most influential groups in Hip-Hop history. Everyone from Run DMC to Big Daddy Kane, Will Smith, Rakim, Tupac, Nas, Biggie, Wu Tang Freddie Foxx, Jay Z and more credit Caz and his Coldcrush Brothers as early influences and some have made their declarations on record....." I'm overchargin ni**as for what they did to the Coldcrush" Jay Z H to the Izzo! "I remember Mr. Magic, Flaaash, Grandmaster Caz" Tupac Shakur "Aint Nothin Like The Old School" "Shout out to Grandmaster Flash and to Caz....." Jay Z " I Do it for Hip-Hop" Dedication from Will Smith aka The Fresh Prince on "Live at Union Square"

Caz’s Coldcrush Brothers recorded a single on the Elite Records label call Weekend in 1981 then proceeded to make their film debut in the Hip-Hop movie Wildstyle. They then traveled to Japan and introduced Hip-Hop to a whole new audience! Caz recorded a few singles with the group on the Tuff City label as well as recorded a few solo singles and eventually an album entitled "The Grandest of Them All"!
Since the resurgence and interests in the early days of Hip-Hop, Caz has been a frequent panelist, speaker, historian and ambassador for the culture and an example of steadfastness and longevity. He has continued to re-invent himself and remain current in skill, know how and old school swagger and was just featured on Grammy winning artists Macklemore and Lewis's first single off their new 2016 Album. The song Downtown went platinum and the video featuring Caz, Melle Mel and Kool Mo Dee won a European MTV Video Award as well. For 18 Years Caz has been taking tourists from around the world on his Hush Hip-Hop sightseeing Tours of NYC and is the Host of the Tools of War Summer Park Jams as well! Caz is in constant demand for interviews from media outlets around the world and collaborations from artists. Caz has published a book of his lyrics aptly titled "Written" and appeared in rapper/actor Ice T's directorial film debut "Something From Nothing, The Art Of Rap" which debuted at the Sundance Film Festival in 2012. Caz is prominently featured in the Netflix Documentary "Hip Hop Evolution" and his Casanova Fly persona featured in Netflix series "The Get Down". He's been voted 11th. of the 50 Greatest MC's by Blaze magazine, 6th Greatest of all time by Kool Moe Dee in his book "There's a God on the Mic" and voted #1 of the great MC’s starting from 1979 by Complex Magazine. He (Caz) is widely regarded as one of the best mf'rs to ever do this sh*t". (Ice T The Art of Rap!) Caz has been recognized by the Hip-Hop community and industry as well and acknowledged for his many contribution to the culture. A member of the DMC Technics DJ Hall of Fame, The Zulu Nation Hall of Fame and The Bronx Walk of Fame with Proclamations from The UN, Brooklyn Councilwoman's Office, The Brooklyn Borough President, The NYC Council, The Bronx Chamber of Commerce and two Bronx Borough Presidents Adolfo Carrion and current BP Ruben Diaz Jr. Grandmaster Caz also serves on the board of The Bronx Music Heritage Center, The Windows of Hip-Hop Advisory Council and The Kennedy Center's Hip Hop Council and Advisory Board and host a show on LL Cool J’s Rock the Bells Radio Platform as one of it’s icons. His name is synonymous with the words Hip-Hop and Legendary!

Discography Coldcrush Brothers Weekend, Punk Rock Rap, Fresh, Wild, Fly & Bold, Heartbreakers, Live in 82, Live from Harlem World, Fresh, Wild, Fly & Bold LP, Stylewild ( Terminator X ), Live at The Dixie ( Wildstyle ), Do you Wanna Get Funky With Me ( C&C Music Factory), Ressurected, Hut, Throwndown w KRS1, I Like to Move in Here (Moby), Ringtone Murder w LL Cool J, Downtown w Macklemore and Lewis, Notice w Kool Mo Dee, Frontline w Ceelo Green, Raekwon, Melle Mel, Masters of the Ceremony w Cactus 23 Skidoo, ROLLIN 50 DEEP, ROLLIN 110 DEEP, ROLLIN 200 DEEP DJ KAYSLAY!

Grandmaster Caz Tuff City, The Judge, Punk, Mr. Bill, Count Basey, Casanova's Rap, I'm Caz, Get Down Grandmaster, Creston Ave, You Need Stitches, Star Search
EP The Grandest of Them All With dj Parker Lee
Mid Life Crisis LP Subway Theme: Wildstyle Soundtrack
Collaborations......Melle Mel, LL Cool J, Moby, Macklemore and Lewis, Busy Bee, Prince Whipper Whip, Donald D, KRS 1, DJ Yutaka, Jazzy Jeff, Capitol 1212, Diamond D, Biz Markie, C Rayz Walz, Jaz-O, Kool Moe Dee, C&C Music Factory, Fokis & RP, Haitian Starr aka MC Torch, Chuck D, Ice T, Nas and more.

Booking contact: Mrs. Cora Brown@
5 Brewster Street Suite 177
Glen Cove Long Island 11542
Mobile 347-902-4677
Grandwizzard Theodore
Performing Artist
Grandwizzard Theodore creator of the scratch and needle drop featured in the first hiphop movie Wild style and featured in the movie Scratch, travels around the world teaching hiphop classes and playing venues. His life story was detailed in the Netflix series The Get Down.. He is genuinely regarded as the creator of the scratch and needle drop all DJ’s still use today

As a child growing up in The South Bronx. young Theodore was always attracted to the music emulating from the Speakers of his Brothers Mean Gene and Cordios equipment. The legendary L Brothers. As fate would have it he eventually began experimenting on his brothers turntable when no one was watching. One fateful day in P.S 63 schoolyard young Theodore to everyone’s surprise stood on a milk crate (as he was too small to reach the mixer) and began cutting the record back and forth and forth and back. He was a blur going side to side when in the middle of the mix he backspinned the record and began scratching to the beat. Little did he know that at that instance he invented the art of Scratching and the rest shall we say is history!